Epidemiological Characteristics of Stroke Among Surveillance Population in Jing′an District Of Shanghai From 2012 to 2019
XU Qiuxia SHEN Yi XIONG Jianjing GUO Yawen ZHANG Xin
Jing′an District Center for Disease Control and Prevention;
Abstract：Objective To explore the epidemiological characteristics of stroke among residents in Jing'an District of Shanghai in recent years. Methods The data of stroke among registered residents in 2012 to 2019 from Jing'an District monitoring system of the cardio-cerebrovascular diseases were analyzed. Results From 2012 to 2019,24 453 new cases of stroke were reported in Jing'an District.The male-to-female ratio was 1.26. The mean onset age of stroke was 74.30±12.45 years. The mean onset age of stroke in males was earlier than that in females in all years(P<0.05). The average annual crude incidence and annual age-adjusted incidence of stroke were 318.68/105 and 130.25/105,respectively. The age-adjusted incidence in males is higher than that in females. The crude and ageadjusted incidence of stroke showed an overall upward trend. Similarly, this upward trend was observed in both genders(P<0.05). The incidence of stroke increased with age(P<0.05). The incidence of stroke was at a low level in the age group under 40, rapidly increased in the age group over 40,and increased significantly in the age group over 60. The main type of stroke is the cerebral ischemic stroke. Conclusion The situation of prevention and control of stroke in Jing'an District isn't optimistic. Relevant departments should carry out targeted prevention and control of chronic diseases.